Birth-12 Months


Visual, gross, and fine motor skills involve independent skills, but also must operate in an integrated manner.

  • Visual motor skills involve taking in information visually and understanding what is seen.
  • Gross motor skills involve the large muscles of the body including the torso, arms, and legs.
  • Fine motor skills involve the small muscles of the hands and fingers. 

These systems are integrated to allow us to take in information visually, process it, and produce coordinated and effective gross and fine motor actions. The integration of visual and motor skills are early indicators of math and literacy readiness. We have provided links to sites that provide information and activities to support your child’s motor development.


Here you will find sites that provide information about reading to your child, activities for learning to identify letters and their sounds, and writing letters. You will also find some sites with book recommendations.


Links to sites that encourage a love of math. Math is all around us and many of these sites will show  you how easy it is to use the language of math all day with your child! Hands-on, play based learning is the best way to learn math and it’s fun!


These sites provide ideas to help your child learn to understand and control their emotions, feel empathy for others and have healthy relationships.


This link will give you a checklist of general milestones by age that your child will progress through.